The Indus basin has one of the most elaborated irrigation system on earth, in the semi-arid region spanning across Pakistan and India. It is critical to large fertile and arable lands of the region, making agricultural production a significant part of the economy. Along with it, the social and political structure built around water provides the states of India and Pakistan with an instrument to control territory and population of the region. This paper analysis the integration of water infrastructure with bureaucratic administration and social structure of the region. It focuses on formation of such structure from colonial period, when development of irrigation agricultural was started to increase revenue and administrative control over the region, to the partition of the region when infrastructure of the basin is determined by the national interest of India and Pakistan.
Ankush Sharma, University of Jammu, India
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