Baloch Nationalism and Peace Interval, 1977-1988: Analysing the Role of Internal and External Factors (72106)

Session Information: External Influences on Peace and Development

Session Chair: Christian Schafferer

Thursday, 29 June 2023 11:10
Session: Session 1
Room: Room A (Live Stream)
Presentation Type:Live-Stream Presentation

The decade of 1977-1988 in Balochistan’s history saw a period of perceptible peace or silence. During Zia’s regime, the Baloch national rights movement was weakened and the Baloch nationalists split into three or more parties. This period after the height of insurgency, gave rise to a situation that necessitated Zia’s policy of co-option with Balochs. This article deals with the question that, how Balochistan remained peaceful during the decade of 1977-88, despite the fact that during these years Balochistan has witnessed eleven years long period of military rule. In this paper the author argues that Gen Zia’s unfolded plans to desensitize the alienated Baloch by a multi-faceted strategy aimed at co-opting the leaders into office and more significantly, providing maximum political space for the religious parties in Balochistan along with the external factors i.e Soviet war in Afghanistan proved productive for establishing a peace interval in the province.

Vasundra Raje, University of Jammu, India

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