Housing Insecurity and Economic Development: A Case Study of Informal Settlements in Manila, Philippines (71134)

Session Information: Civil Society & Social Issues 2

Session Chair: Julio Teehankee

Saturday, 1 July 2023 09:00
Session: Session 1
Room: Lecture Room 1
Presentation Type:Oral Presentation

The city of Manila, Philippines faces a severe housing crisis. Due to the Philippines' unusual combination of rapid economic growth, uneven regional economic development, lack of affordable housing, and low per capita incomes, it is estimated that Manila has the most number of homeless people of any city in the world. Consequently, the government must address the housing situation to ensure the long-term viability of the city. This paper argues that two mechanisms work in tandem to generate the informal settlement issue: the lack of economic opportunity outside Manila, which has become a driving force behind rural to urban migration, and the lack of affordable housing within the city to support new inhabitants. In order to address this, the government must adopt a two-pronged strategy of both increasing access to affordable housing in the city and simultaneously creating economic opportunities in the countryside to reduce the need for migration in the first place. Doing so would solve both a humanitarian and economic crisis.

Uriel Galace, Duke University, United States

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