Conference Archive: KISA 13 | APISA 15

KISA 13th Annual Convention & APISA 15th Congress

Operationalizing an East Asian Community of Peace and Development:
Challenges and Opportunities

Key Information

Date: November 26-27, 2021
Venue: Online
Registration: Registration is free, but pre-registration is required.
Hosted by: The Graduate School of International Studies and the Institute for International and Area Studies at Ewha Womans University, South Korea

The global impacts of climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic at all levels of society have demonstrated that old, state-centric models of peacebuilding and development are insufficient to address the contemporary threat environment. These non-traditional security (NTS) issues pose additional challenges to policymakers in East Asia (both Northeast and Southeast), a region dominated by traditional state-centric approaches, and overshadowed by the conflictual legacies of colonialism, Cold War ideological divides, and territorial contestation. These challenges have also, however, given an opportunity to actors which are little regarded in the traditional paradigms.

Newly impactful actors include small and medium-ranked powers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and representatives of civil society. Furthermore, new conceptualizations of peace and development related to good governance, human security, human development, the sustainable development goals (SDGs) the responsibility to protect (R2P), the humanitarian-development-peace nexus (HDPN) comprehensive security, and sustainable peace are increasingly prominent in both policy and academic discourse.

Against this backdrop, South Korea has looked to leverage new approaches to peace and development as part of its middle power niche diplomacy, whereby it punches above its relative weight and gets more bang for its diplomatic bucks. New policy initiatives include the aspirational “Northeast Asia Plus Community” (NEAPC) of responsibility project aimed at building a sustainable regional system of cooperation with ASEAN, the “middle power” grouping of MIKTA (Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, Turkey, and Australia), India and Northeast Asian states.

Conference Outline*

All times are Korea Standard Time (UTC+9)
All sessions will be held online

Friday, November 26, 2021Saturday, November 27, 2021

09:00-09:15: Online Check-in

09:15-09:30: Welcome and Opening Remarks
Brendan Howe, President of APISA and KISA

09:30-10:30: Keynote Session
LAM Peng Er, Principal Research Fellow, East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore
- This presentation will be streamed live on Facebook

10:30-10:45 Break

10:45-12:15: Panel 1: National Policies for Peace and Development
Chair: Heather Willoughby, Ewha Womans University, South Korea

  • - Spread or Concentrated? Gravity Analysis of Inbound Education Aid: The Case of South Korea
    Hyeji Jang and Jinhwan Oh, Ewha Womans University
  • - Does US’ Public Diplomacy-related Aid Promote Human Development and Peace?
    Paula Higgins and Kadir Ayhan, Ewha Womans University
  • - Assessment of the Moon Jae-in Administration’s Peace Initiative and Value Diplomacy
    Tae Kyeong Ryu and Kisuk Cho, Ewha Womans University
  • - North Korea's Policy Direction: Shifting Away or Continuing 'A Frontal Breakthrough' Line?
    Won Gon Park, Ewha Womans University

12:15-13:00: Lunch Break

13:00-14:30: Panel 2: Northeast Asian Security Challenges beyond North Korea
Chair: Haruko Satoh, Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), Japan

  • - The Weaponization of Supply Chains in the Contactless Economy under COVID-19: The Role of the U.S.-China Race for Supremacy in AI in the Japan-South Korea Chip War
    June Park, Princeton University
  • - Reservist System of the Japan Self-Defense Forces: What is that for?
    Saya Kiba, Komatsu University
  • - Reassessing SSRG Agendas in Japan
    Atsushi Yasutomi, Eikei University of Hiroshima
  • - Justifying Economic Coercion: The Discourse of Victimhood in China’s Unilateral Sanctions Policy
    Enrico V. Gloria, University of the Philippines Diliman

14:30-14:45: Break

14:45-16:15: Parallel Panel Presentations
Room A | Panel 3: International Political Economy Outlook
Room B | Panel 4: Security on the Korean Peninsula

Room A | Panel 3: International Political Economy Outlook
Chair: Rafal Smoczynski, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

  • - The Different Paths to the Free Trade Agreement between Mexico and Korea: Multilateralism and Parliamentary Diplomacy
    Edith Yazmin Montes Incin, Anahuac University
  • - The Drivers of China’s outward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
    Ren Yu, Ewha Womans University
  • - Comparative Analysis of State Capacities, Science and Technology Policies, and Innovation System Functions in the Philippines: 1946-2020
    Danilo Lorenzo Delos Santos, University of Tokyo
  • - The Resurgence of “Other Canon” Economics in the Twenty-First Century
    Bryan Joseph G. Ortiz, Arellano University and Amr Solon Sison, University of Santo Tomas

Room B | Panel 4: Security on the Korean Peninsula
Chair: Leif-Eric Easley, Ewha Womans University, South Korea

  • - Biden’s North Korea Nuclear Policy: Progress or Stasis?
    Joel R. Campbell, Troy University
  • - Sources of and Challenges to North Korean Legitimacy
    Lonnie Edge, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
  • - Threat Perception Gap of North Korea: an ESR and Putnam’s Two-level Approach
    Patricia Aguado, Ewha Womans University
  • - A ‘Peace-first’ Arms Race on the Korean Peninsula?: Seoul’s Investments in Autonomy and Regional Security
    Sea Young Kim, Yonsei University and Leif-Eric Easley, Ewha Womans University

16:15-16:30: Break

16:30-18:00: Parallel Panel Presentations
Room A | Panel 5: Human Security and Civil Society
Room B | Panel 6: Information, Education, and Empowerment Session Theme

Panel 5: Human Security and Civil Society
Chair: Hans Schattle, Yonsei University, South Korea

  • - An Empirical Investigation Of The Determinants Of Koreans’ Attitudes Towards Immigrants
    Jingyeong Song and Moamen Gouda, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
  • - The Role Of Women In Private Sphere To Build The Sustainable Peace In Post-Conflict Societies: Case Study Of Ambon, Indonesia
    Shary Charlotte Henriette Pattipeilhy, Universitas Diponegoro
  • - Asian Identity: State Actors vs.Civil society
    Christian Schafferer, Overseas Chinese University
  • - The Applicability of Hybridized Liberal Peacebuilding in the Ethno-Religious Conflict between the Han Chinese National Government and the Uighur Muslim Local Minority in Xinjiang, China
    Amanda Fish, Ewha Womans University

Panel 6: Information, Education, and Empowerment
Chair: Lonnie Edge, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, South Korea

  • - Discouragement vs Encouragement: Sri Lanka's Female Domestic Worker's Corridor to the Gulf Countries
    Loku Thambugalage Jayathry Dhananja Gunaratne, Ewha Womans University
  • - Closet or Bridge: YouTube Platform’s Transnational Space for Gender Identity in the Philippine Boy’s Love Genre
    Ronald Castillo, National Chengchi University
  • - Challenges and Opportunities for Peace (or Conflict) in Higher Education: The Case of Afghanistan and Somaliland
    Chaewon Sohn, Kevin Kester, Mary abura, and Ella Rho, Seoul National University
  • - Framing the Belt and Road Initiative: China’s Public Diplomacy Narratives from 2013 to 2020
    Yuan Jiang, Queensland University of Technology

09:00-09:10: Online Check-in

09:10-09:15: Welcome Remarks
Brendan Howe, President of APISA and KISA

09:15-09:30: Welcome and Opening Remarks
KANG Kyung-wha
Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Ewha Womans University GSIS, South Korea
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, South Korea
- This segment will be streamed live on Facebook

09:30-10:30: Keynote Session
Member of the House of Representatives, Japan
Former Minister for Foreign Affairs, Japan
- This presentation will be streamed live on Facebook

10:30-10:45: Break

10:45-12:15: Panel 7: Multilateral and Regional Security Conceptualizations
Chair: Mason Richey, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, South Korea

  • - Peace and Security in Indo-Pacific Asia: IR Perspectives in Context
    Sorpong Peou, Ryerson University
  • - Great Powers and Regionalisms: Contrasting Europe and East Asia
    Cesar De Prado
  • - The Emergence of New Geo-Strategic Equations: Implications for Asian Security
    Bhawna Pokharna, Government Meera Girls College
  • - The U.S Regional Alliance Failure for Stability: Lessons of Persian Gulf Cold War for East Asian Regional Security Cooperation
    Amir Ahmadi, University of Guillan
  • - Succession in the DPRK: Perceptional Variants, Regime Stability, and Implications for US Diplomacy
    Youngho Kim, Yonsei University and Lonnie Edge, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies

12:15-13:00: Lunch Break

13:00-14:30: Panel 8: Multilateral Policy-making for Peace and Development
Chair: Rosalie Arcala Hall, University of the Philippines Visayas, Philippines

  • - ASEAN and its Responsibility to Protect Refugees – Case of North Korean Refugees in Southeast Asia
    Heeseo Lee, Ewha Womans University
  • - Elevating the Aid Debate: A Call for Value Coherence for Development
    Nancy Kim, Ewha Womans University
  • - Security, Governance, and Operationalizing the Humanitarian-Development-Peace Nexus (HDPN) on the Korean Peninsula
    Brendan Howe, Ewha Womans University
  • - Institutional Innovations and Their Challenges in the Green Climate Fund (see full paper)
    Thomas Kalinowski, Ewha Womans University

14:30-14:45: Break

14:45-16:45: Parallel Panel Presentations and Roundtable session
Room A | Panel 9: COVID-19 and Security & Panel 10: COVID-19 and Society
Room B | Roundtable Session

Room A | Panel 9: COVID-19 and Security
Chair: Christian Schafferer, Overseas Chinese University, Taiwan

  • - Covid-19 Pandemic and People of Myanmar: After Coup 2021
    Min Thang, Myanmar Institute of Theology
  • - Antagonisms and COVID-19: Protests and State Repression in Thailand since 2020
    Paul Chambers, Naresuan University
  • - Explaining Thailand’s Politicized COVID-19 Mitigation Strategies: Counter-Securitization and Re-Securitization
    Tawei Chu, Alyssa Gosteli Dela Cruz, Sung Jae Lee, and Chuenthip Nithimasarad, Chiang Mai University

Room A | Panel 10: COVID-19 and Society
Chair: Sylvia Yazid, Parahyangan Catholic University, Indonesia

  • - From Vulnerabilities to Resilience: Lessons from Davao de Oro Youth During the Pandemic
    Rowee Joy Decena, Davao de Oro State College
  • - Covid-19 Influences Habits And Lifestyle
    Ratna Ayu, Chinese Culture University
  • - The Challenges and Needs During the Pandemic of the Residents in Barangay Mandahilag Talisayan, Misamis Oriental
    Joann Lim, Bukidnon State University

Room B | Roundtable Session: APISA Roundtable on Japan-Korea NTS Partnership
Enhancing Japan-Korea Partnership in Non-Traditional Security Issues in Asia

  • - Haruko Satoh (moderator)
  • - John Ciorciari, University of Michigan
  • - Brendan Howe, President of APISA and KISA
  • - Saya Kiba, Komatsu University
  • - Carmina Untalan, Osaka University

*Please be aware that the above schedule may be subject to change.

KISA 13th Annual Convention & APISA 15th Congress Abstract Proceedings

Friday Keynote Speaker

LAM Peng Er
Principal Research Fellow, East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Dr LAM Peng Er, political scientist, obtained his PhD from Columbia University. His publications have appeared in international journals such as the Pacific Affairs, Asian Survey, Asian Affairs, Japan Forum and Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics. Lam's latest single-authored book is Japan's Peace Building Diplomacy in Asia: Searching for an Active Political Role (New York and London: Routledge, 2009). Other books include: Japan’s Relations with Southeast Asia: The Fukuda Doctrine and Beyond (London and New York: Routledge, 2013) edited, Japan's Relations with China: Facing a Rising Power (New York and London: Routledge, 2006) edited and Green Politics in Japan (London: Routledge, 1999). He is an executive editor of the International Relations of the Asia-Pacific (A Journal of the Japan Association of International Relations published by Oxford University Press) and Asian Journal of Peacebuilding (Journal of the Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University).

Saturday Welcome Address

KANG Kyung-wha
Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Ewha Womans University GSIS, South Korea
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, South Korea

KANG Kyung-wha is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Ewha Womans University in Seoul, South Korea. She served as the 38th and the first female Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea from June 2017 to February 2021. Throughout her career in Seoul, Geneva, and New York, she has been a steadfast advocate for human rights and women’s advancement.

During her ministerial tenure, Dr Kang spearheaded the Republic of Korea’s efforts to win global support for its initiative to engage with North Korea to bring about lasting peace and complete denuclearisation on the Korean Peninsula, while also deepening the country’s diplomatic relations with further regions and countries. During her tenure, she also actively participated in various multilateral discussions on human rights, nonproliferation, peacekeeping, development cooperation, and most recently, the COVID-19 pandemic response. After joining the Foreign Ministry in 1998, Dr Kang specialized in UN affairs. She consequently served as Deputy Director-General for International Organizations, and was dispatched to the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Korea to the UN in New York in 2001.

Later, serving as Director-General for International Organizations in 2005-2006, Dr Kang tirelessly engaged in negotiations at the UN General Assembly on various issues including the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).

In early 2007, Dr Kang joined the UN following her appointment in late 2006 to the post of Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights by then Secretary-General Kofi Annan. For over six years in the position, she supported and complemented the leadership of High Commissioners Louise Arbour and Navi Pillay on human rights issues. In April 2013, Dr Kang was appointed by then Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to the post of Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator (DERC) and Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs. Supporting and complementing the leadership of the Emergency Relief Coordinator, Dr Kang continued to give focused attention to vulnerable people and sought to advance their presence and voice in the humanitarian and human rights sector.

After resigning from the DERC post in October 2016, Dr Kang served as Chief of the Transition Team of the Secretary-General-Elect. Then, as Senior Advisor on Policy to Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, she spearheaded his initiative to realize gender parity in his appointments and facilitated discussion on the restructuring of the peace architecture in the Secretariat.

Dr Kang graduated from Yonsei University in Seoul, Korea, with a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science and diplomacy. She received MA and PhD degrees from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in the United States. Her doctorate work was in the field of international/intercultural communication. Dr Kang is fluent in Korean and English, and speaks basic-level French. She is married with two daughters and one son.

Saturday Keynote Speaker

Member of the House of Representatives, Japan
Former Minister for Foreign Affairs, Japan

KONO Taro is a ninth-term Member of the House of Representatives of Japan. He has held positions as Foreign Minister; Defense Minister; Minister in charge of COVID-19 Vaccine Roll-out; Minister for Administrative Affairs; Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission; Minister for Civil Service Reform; Minister for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety; Minister for Disaster Management; and Chairman of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives. He is a graduate of the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, United States. He is former Chairman of the Japan Race Horse Association and former Chairman of the J1 League team, Shonan Bellmare FC. He has a wife, Kaori, and a son, Ippei.