Decline of Democracy – Do Indonesia and the Philippines follow the Global Trends and Patterns? (71858)

Session Information: International Governance

Session Chair: Napisa Waitoolkiat

Friday, June 30, 2023 16:05
Session: Session 3
Room: Lecture Room 1
Presentation Type:Oral Presentation

There is an academic consensus that the number of democracies worldwide has decreased in the last decade, while at the same time the number of countries in the “grey zone” between the two contrasting regime types (democracy/authoritarianism) has increased. In this paper, I would like to argue that Southeast Asia is no exception to the before-mentioned phenomenon. Particularly, two of the traditionally most democratic countries in the region, Indonesia and the Philippines, have witnessed a significant decline of political rights and civil liberties in recent years. Based on data and methodology from the upcoming Bertelsmann-Transformation Index 2024 (https://bti-project.org/en/), the author will highlight several features of democratic decline in both countries and analyze similarities and differences. In addition, the author will compare the political developments in both countries with global trends and patterns of regime transformation.

Patrick Ziegenhain, President University, Indonesia

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