Assimilated Conflict Response: A Negotiation Approach in Analyzing the Case of Sino-Indian Dispute
Clyde Maningo, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Learjet De La Cruz, University of the Philippines Cebu, Philippines
As the two most populous nations and Asia’s largest and most dynamic societies, China and India have become the world’s most prominent economies as their participation and influence in regional and global affairs have increased tremendously. However, the relationship between these Asian giants has not been an easy one. The border dispute paired with a colonial legacy has deeply permeated the historic fabric between the two nations—identified as protracted and complicated, it does not stand alone but is related to many bilateral and international underpinnings. Through secondary data analysis, this paper explored the border dispute between India and China from a negotiation perspective alongside a constructivist framework that emphasizes the ideational factors in the decision-making processes. Thus, the cases point to an assimilated conflict response as discussed and evaluated through cooperative model theory, principled negotiation theory, and conflict transformation theory. It also further divides the Sino-Indian border dispute into two distinct stages: conflict escalation and conflict de-escalation, to achieve disparity settlement. Further, it placed a significant focus on border trade and on the newly built Qinghai-Tibet Railway—both are significant factors in enhancing people-to-people contact along the border. Lastly, through exploring the ripeness of an ultimate settlement of the border dispute, the paper concluded that there are no winners or losers from a historical and holistic perspective and that both parties have won and lost in different aspects.
Presentation Date/Time: Sunday, December 11, 2022 (16:00)
Session: Session 4
Room: Inthanin Room